Asthma is a chronic lung disease with recurring symptoms. Symptoms include wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and cough.
- Almost 9% of children and 7% of adults in the United States have asthma (CDC) .
- Asthma is more common among the poor and certain minority groups (CDC) .
- Medical treatment for asthma consists of daily controller medications to prevent asthma exacerbations and rescue medications as needed to relieve acute symptoms.
Community Guide Recommendations
Home-based multi-trigger, multicomponent environmental interventions for children and adults with asthma
Home-based multi-trigger, multicomponent interventions with an environmental focus for persons with asthma aim to reduce exposure to multiple indoor asthma triggers (allergens and irritants). These interventions involve home visits by trained personnel to conduct two or more activities. The programs in this review conducted environmental activities that included:
- Assessment of the home environment
- Changing the indoor home environment to reduce exposure to asthma triggers
- Education about the home environment
Most programs also included one or more of the following additional non- environmental activities
- Training and education to improve asthma self-management
- General asthma education
- Social services and support
- Coordinated care for the asthma client